THE FUGITIVE KING

TIMETABLE OF ESCAPE

Introduction History Timetable of escape Guide to locations Paintings Boscobel Tracts The Civil War Film The Monarch's Way
 

Day Day of week Date Charles' movements and related action Sleeps overnight at: Principal assistance provided by: Sites -see separate page
 
Chapters (miles)
1 Wednesday 3 September 1651 After the Royalist forces were defeated at the Battle of Worcester (while Charles watched from the Cathedral tower), Charles escapes from the City and rides north with a group of officers through Hartlebury. At Kinver, they regroup and agree a plan to  try to cross into Wales and then sail to France. Charles Giffard, a recusant riding with Charles, suggested Boscobel House, owned by his family, as a good overnight resting place, but Whites Ladies, one mile away on the same estate, was decided to be better as it was more remote.  No sleep 1. Lord Derby - Officer, accompanies Charles before riding off  with most of the party towards Scotland. Was captured and executed.
2. Francis Yates - a servant, acted as guide through the later part of the day's journey; he was subsequently executed for his role.
3. Lord Wilmot - Officer, stayed with Charles; he was to assist him throughout the journey
4. Robert Swan - manservant to Wilmot
5. Charles Giffard - Officer,  a prominent recusant, was the owner of White Ladies and Boscobel House
1. Battle of Worcester battlefield (viewpoint near Powick Bridge)
2. Worcester Cathedral
3. Commandery, Worcester
4. King Charles House, Worcester
1-7
(60)
2 Thursday 4 September 1651 Arrives White Ladies in early hours of the morning and receives considerable assistance from the Penderel brothers. Charles hides in woods at Spring Coppice during day and at night walks to Madeley Court disguised  as woodsman, with Richard Penderel, intent on crossing the Severn. On the way, there was a meal at Hobbal Grange and a fracas with a miller at Evelith Mill. Spring Coppice, by White Ladies Priory (daytime) 6. John Penderel - woodsman at White Ladies
7. George Penderel - servant at White Ladies
8. Richard Penderel - tenant at Hubbal Grange
9. William Penderel - caretaker at Boscobel
10. Jane Penderel - wife of William
11. Humphrey Penderel - miller at White Ladies
5. White Ladies Priory ruins
6. Hobbal Grange ruins
7. Evelith Mill
8
(11)
3 Friday 5 September 1651 Wolfe and Everel scout the Severn and conclude it is impassable owing to the presence of Cromwell's troops. Charles hides in barn at Madeley during day and at night walks back to Boscobel House. Madeley Barn (daytime) 12. Francis Wolfe - owner of Madeley Court, provided a meal and the barn for shelter.
13. Richard Everel - servant at Madeley Court
 
8. Madeley Barn
9. Boscobel House 
9-10
(21)
4 Saturday 6 September 1651 Spends day in the famous pollarded oak tree with Major Careless and the evening in a priest hole. Boscobel 14.  Major William Careless - had fought at Worcester, was with Charles in the tree 10. Royal Oak at Boscobel  
5 Sunday 7 September 1651 Rides to Moseley Old Hall at at nightfall, with Careless and the five Penderel brothers. At Penderford Mill, three brothers return home with the horses and the other two carry on to the Hall on foot.  Moseley Old Hall   11. Pendeford Mill ruins
12. Moseley Old Hall
11
(12)
6 Monday 8 September 1651 At Moseley Old Hall. Moseley Old Hall 15. Thomas Whitgreave - owner of Moseley Old Hall
16. Father John Huddleston - Chaplin at Moseley Old Hall, provided spiritual guidance and bathed Charles' feet.
   
7 Tuesday 9 September 1651 Charles hides briefly in priest hole during early evening. Travels to Bentley Hall later  on Humphrey Penderel's mill horse. Bentley Hall 17. Colonel Lane - owner of Bentley Hall 13. Bentley Hall ruins 12
(9)
8 Wednesday 10 September 1651 Arrives at Bentley in the early hours and departs a few hours later in the guise of a servant called Will Jackson, heading for Abbots Leigh; his horse was re-shod at Bromsgrove, detour to avoid troops just outside Stratford, overnight at Kings Lodge, Long Marsden, just beyond Stratford. King's Lodge 18. Jane Lane - the Colonel's sister, accompanied Charles to Abbot's Leigh, riding pillion
19. Henry Lascelles - the Colonel's cousin, also accompanied Charles
14. Ye Olde Black Cross, Bromsgrove
15. Kings Lane, Stratford
16. Kings Lodge, Long Marsden 
13-19
(71)
Day Day of week Date Charles' movements and related action Sleeps overnight at: Principal assistance provided by: Extant buildings and sites
 
Chapters (miles)
9 Thursday 11 September 1651 Travels on, apparently uneventful journey to Cirencester, overnight possibly at Crown Inn. Crown Inn (probable)   17. The Crown, 17 W Market Place, Cirencester  20-24
(53)
10 Friday 12 September 1651 Travels on, arrives at Abbots Leigh, near Bristol, stays at the luxurious Leigh Court (now demolished). The Nortons, who were the owners of Leigh Court, did not penetrate Charles' disguise. Leigh Court 20. John Pope - Butler at Leigh Court, recognised Charles and then worked to assist him 18. Leigh Court, built 1814 on site of old Leigh Court 25-30
(59)
11 Saturday 13 September 1651 At Leigh Court, Pope looking for opportunities to sail from Bristol. Leigh Court      
12 Sunday 14 September 1651 At Leigh Court. Leigh Court      
13 Monday 15 September 1651 At Leigh Court - Pope establishes no boats can be taken from Bristol and suggests the South Coast as a better place to find a passage to France. He also suggests Trent Manor as a place to stay, where the owner, Colonel Wyndham, was a Royalist sympathiser and recusant known to Charles. Leigh Court      
14 Tuesday 16 September 1651 Sets out from Leigh Court heading for Trent, with Lascelles and Jane Lane. Wilmot rides on ahead to Trent Manor to make arrangements. Overnight Castle Cary. Manor House or the Old House   19. Site of The Manor House, near Castle Cary Castle
20. The Old House, Ansford
31-34
(39)
15 Wednesday 17 September 1651 To Trent, stays at Trent Manor. Trent Manor 21. Colonel Francis Wyndham - owner of Trent Manor
22. Mrs Anne Wyndham (née Gerard) - wife of the Colonel, heiress to Trent manor
21. Trent Manor  35-36
(15)
16 Thursday 18 September 1651 At Trent Manor. Trent Manor      
17 Friday 19 September 1651 At Trent Manor. Wilmot contacts Ellesdon, a merchant in Lyme,  who arranges for one of his tenants, Limbry, to take Charles to France from Charmouth, near Lyme Regis, on his small coasting vessel. Trent Manor 23. Captain Ellisdon - merchant
24. Stephen Limbry - Boatman, may not have known Charles true identity, but probably suspected
   
18 Saturday 20 September 1651 At Trent Manor. Trent Manor      
19 Sunday 21 September 1651 At Trent Manor. Trent Manor      
20 Monday 22 September 1651 Rides to Charmouth and waits at Queen's Arms. The cover story for booking rooms at the Inn was that they were a runaway honeymoon party - Wilmot was the groom, Wynhham's cousin Juliana Coningsby the bride and Charles the manservant. Peters and Wyndham also present. The Queen's Arms 25. Juliana Coningsby - cousin of Wyndham - accompanies the party to Charmouth
26. Henry Peters - Wyndham servant
22. The Abbots House, Charmouth, formerly the Queen's Arms 37-40
(39)
Day Day of week Date Charles' movements and related action Sleeps overnight at: Principal assistance provided by: Extant buildings and sites
 
Chapters (miles)
21 Tuesday 23 September 1651 Limbry failed to turn up. It seems, his wife had worked out that his  business was risky and she prevented him from leaving the house; or perhaps, Limbry hadn't been paid. Next morning, the King set out for Bridport, where he took a room at the George Inn. Meanwhile, the ostler at the Queen's Arms  (Benjamin Westley) had rumbled Charles and had alerted the authorities to his presence in the vicinity. The party heads back to Trent via the remote Lee Lane but  gets lost and takes refuge at the George Inn in Broadwindsor. George Inn, Broad Windsor 27. Landlord at George Inn 23. Old George Inn, Bridport
24. Memorial, Lee Lane, Bridport
25. King Charles Cottage, The Square, Broadwindsor, on site of George Inn 
41-45
(48)
22 Wednesday 24 September 1651 At daybreak Charles, Juliana Coningsby, and Colonel Wyndham return to Trent Manor. Wilmot rides to Salisbury to plan a passage from somewhere else on the south coast. Trent Manor      
23 Thursday 25 September 1651 Charles remains at Trent Manor for eleven more days, occasionally using the priest hole when troops were in the area. Famous quotation from Anne Wyndham: "...Trent, the ark in which God shut him up when the floods of rebellion had covered the face of his dominions."

Meanwhile, in Salisbury, Wilmot, helped by John Coventry and Robert Phillips, makes arrangements for Charles to be taken to Heale House, Middle Winterslow, where a boat from Sussex could more easily be arranged.
Trent Manor (11 nights, 17 in all)

 

   
28. Colonel Robert Phillips - Royalist
29. Lord John Coventry - Royalist
 
   
To
33 Sunday 5 October 1651  
34 Monday 6 October 1651 Leaves Trent again, dines at George Inn, Mere and travels on to Heale House. Heale House 30. Katherine Hyde, owner of Heale House
 
26. George Inn, Mere
27. Heale House (gardens open)
 
46-51
(47)
35 Tuesday 7 October 1651 The King pretends to leave permanently, visits Stonehenge, and returns known only to Mrs Hyde.   Heale House      
36 Wednesday 8 October 1651 The King continues at Heale House, hidden in a small room. Meanwhile, Wilmot has left Heale and visits a Royalist, (Gunter), who confers with a French merchant (Mancel) in Chichester. Together they made arrangements with a Sea Captain (Tattessell) to transport the King from Shoreham to France in a coal boat called The Surprise. Heale House (5 nights, 7 in all) 31. Colonel Thomas Gunter - Royalist
32. Francis Mancell - merchant
33. Captain Nicholas Tattessell - Captain of The Surprise
   
37 Thursday 9 October 1651  
38 Friday 10 October 1651  
39 Saturday 11 October 1651  
40 Sunday 12 October 1651  
41 Monday 13 October 1651 Leaves Hales 2:00am, travels to Hambledon, stays with Gunter's sister. Cottage now known as King's Rest 34. Mrs Symons - Colonel Gunter's sister 28. Kings Rest cottage, Hambledon  52-57
(60)
42 Tuesday 14 October 1651 Travels to Brighton, pausing at Houghton. While riding near Bramber bridge there were many soldiers; Charles diverts and arrives at the George Inn, Brighton in the evening where the party has supper with Tattessell and Mancel. Charles is recognised and an additional fee paid. George Inn   29. George & Dragon, Houghton
30. Bramber Bridge (replacement)
31. Travelodge Hotel is on the site of the George Inn
58-63
(62)
43 Wednesday 15 October 1651 To Shoreham, boarding at 2:00am, sails 7:00am. Landed at Fécamp, France on the morning of 16 October. Tattessell subsequently bought the Old Ship Inn with his fee for services rendered. On board 35. Richard Kemp - mate of The Surprise 32. Shoreham harbour
33. Old Ship Hotel, Brighton
64
(5)

More details of the events surrounding the escape can be found in The Boscobel Tracts.